French: Cassique huppé German: Krähenstirnvogel Spanish: Cacique crestado
Subspecies and Distribution
P. d. melanterus
(Todd, 1917) – extreme S Costa Rica, Panama, and N & W Colombia (W of E Andes).
P. d. decumanus
(Pallas, 1769) – Colombia (E of Andes), Venezuela and the Guianas, S on E slope of Andes and S across Amazonia to N & E Bolivia, NW & NE Argentina (S to Jujuy and Salta and, in E, to Formosa and Corrientes) and E Brazil (S to N & W Paraná and São Paulo).
P. d. insularis
(Dalmas, 1900) – Trinidad and Tobago.
Male average 47 cm, 284·6 g; female average 37 cm, 158 g. Male nominate race is black overall, with slight gloss, becoming chestnut on rump, uppertail-coverts and... read more
Male song during display usually starts with low-pitched liquid notes, accelerates into variable... read more
Edges and clearings of tropical, subtropical and lower montane forests, also in second growth,... read more
Food and feeding
Diet fruits, insects and spiders (Araneae); also small vertebrates, such as tree-frogs (Hylidae); also floral nectar. Consumes both wild... read more
Season Jan–Jun in Venezuela and Oct–Dec in NW Argentina. Breeds in colonies of 2–43 nests, most colonies having fewer... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in much of range; scarcer in S of range. Recently invaded Costa Rica. Has increased in NW Argentina. Declines recorded in NE Argentina, where... read more
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