Family Treeswifts (Hemiprocnidae)

Least Concern

Crested Treeswift (Hemiprocne coronata)


French: Hémiprocné couronné German: Kronenbaumsegler Spanish: Vencejo arborícola coronado

Hirundo Coronata


, 1833,

Borabhum and Dhalbhum, Bihar–Bengal border, north-east India


Closely related to H. longipennis, with which it has been considered conspecific; but morphological differences are constant, with no evidence of intergradation where parapatric ranges of the two meet. Proposed race dryas (from S Gujarat, in W India) considered undiagnosable. Monotypic.


Sri Lanka, and India (W to Uttarakhand, E Rajasthan and SE Gujarat), S Nepal and S Bhutan E to Myanmar, S China (SW Yunnan), NC & W Thailand (S to Kaeng Krachan) and S Indochina.

Descriptive notes

23–25 cm. Adult has crest dark greenish-blue, 2·5–3 cm tall. Male uniformly pale greeny-grey from central crown to uppertail-coverts; lores black, finely... read more


Vocalizations typical of genus, being somewhat raptor-like, especially likened to Shikra (... read more


Scattered trees, groves, and edge and canopy breaks of more or less continuous, fully to mainly... read more

Food and feeding

Flying arthropods; diet said to include hemipteran bugs, beetles and small flies, but hardly analysed and proper details are lacking.... read more


Season Dec–Oct overall, with regional variation; peak activity Jan–Apr in ­Indian Subcontinent, becoming bimodal (Mar... read more


Mainly resident; seasonal dispersive movements are perhaps only local, e.g. very rare summer... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Patchily distributed and often local, but relatively common, and able to live close to human activity; rare in Bhutan, Bangladesh and... read more

Recommended citation

Wells, D. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Crested Treeswift (Hemiprocne coronata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 30 March 2020).