Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Crimson-bellied Woodpecker (Campephilus haematogaster)


French: Pic superbe German: Blutbauchspecht Spanish: Picamaderos ventrirrojo

Picus haematogaster


, 1844,



Formerly (with C. splendens) placed, with all current congeners except C. magellanicus, C. principalis and C. imperialis, in genus Phloeoceastes. Usually regarded as conspecific with C. splendens, but differs in having two mid-sized white spots vs three large buff spots on flight-feathers (apparently previously undocumented in the literature) (3); black vs red on mid-throat to upper breast on male (3); shade less deep red crown (ns[1]); submoustachial not extending down neck side (2); generally slightly less barred and mottled underparts and back (ns[1]); reputedly different voice#R, consisting of a loud “stk! st-kr-r-r-r-r-r-r” rather than simply a loud “stk” (at least 1). Monotypic.


E Andes of Colombia to S Peru.

Descriptive notes

33–34 cm; 225–250 g. Male has buffish nasal tufts, thin buff supercilium behind eye, broad buff cheekband, black line from upper bill to middle of crown side,... read more


Call a loud “stk! st-kr-r-r-r-r-r-r”, c. 2 seconds long. Drumroll a fast series of 3... read more


Humid and wet forest, montane forest, and edges; most often inside tall forest, such as semi-open... read more

Food and feeding

Large adult beetles, and very large larvae of wood-boring beetles. Often in pairs. Forages at low levels, usually close to ground, in dense... read more


Sept–Apr in Colombia and Ecuador. No other information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally rather rare to uncommon. Locally quite numerous in Colombia; scarce and local, though uncommon in some areas, in Ecuador;... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Crimson-bellied Woodpecker (Campephilus haematogaster). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 November 2019).