Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Crimson-breasted Finch (Rhodospingus cruentus)


French: Rhodospingue ponceau German: Purpurhaubentangare Spanish: Soldadito carmesí

Tiaris cruentus


, 1844,

Guayaquil, Ecuador




W Ecuador (W Pichincha and Esmeraldas) S along coastal slope and plain to NW Peru (S to Piura and S Lambayeque).

Descriptive notes

11 cm; average 11·6 g. A small finch with short-tailed appearance, and long and slender bill with rather straight culmen and gonys. Male has blackish head, including nape and... read more


Song a buzzy “tsee-tzztzz” or “chwzzzzz” repeated at intervals of 1·5–2 seconds; can be reminiscent... read more


Understorey of dry forest and desert scrub, also forest borders. Dry scrub and low woodland... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds; probably also small arthropods, at least during breeding period. Forages both on ground and while clinging to grass stems to extract... read more


Recorded Jan–Apr, during rainy season. Nest typically placed in bush or shrub, towards outer end of branch, often in forks and in midst of... read more


Some evidence for local movements; presence and/or numbers in a given area change depending on... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Tumbesian Region EBA. Fairly common to locally common through much of its range. Although this species has only... read more

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. (2020). Crimson-breasted Finch (Rhodospingus cruentus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).