Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga)


French: Astrild à croupion rose German: Zügelastrild Spanish: Estrilda culirroja

Estrilda rhodopyga


, 1850,

north-eastern Africa = Sennar, Sudan


See E. rufibarba. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. r. rhodopyga Sundevall, 1850 – E Sudan, Eritrea and N Ethiopia.
  • E. r. centralis Kothe, 1911 – SE South Sudan, C & S Ethiopia, NW & S Somalia, NE DRCongo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and N Malawi.
  • Descriptive notes

    10–10·5 cm; 6·6–9·5 g (centralis). Male nominate race has red lores and red stripe through eye to above ear-coverts, grey crown, greyish-brown upperparts... read more


    Contact call a soft "sspt-sspt"; other calls a hard and grating "jup", a "... read more


    Dry bushy grassland, acacia (Acacia) savanna, thickets, marshy grassland, and overgrown... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small grass seeds, also tips of grass shoots; also ant larvae (Formicidae), termites (Isoptera), aphids (Aphidoidea) and spiders (Araneae... read more


    Breeds Sept and May in Uganda, and Mar, Apr and Jul in Kenya. Courting male holds grass stem in bill, head high, forehead sleeked, fluffs... read more


    Resident; in arid N Kenya, appears after periods of high rainfall.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common; uncommon to rare in ­Somalia. Local in DRCongo, where rare on Lendu Plateau. A single record from extreme NW Mozambique.

    Recommended citation

    Payne, R. (2020). Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).