Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Crimson Topaz (Topaza pella)


French: Colibri topaze German: Rotnacken-Topaskolibri Spanish: Colibrí topacio

Trochilus Pella


, 1758,



Often lumped with T. pyra (which see). Proposed race pamprepta based on specimens supposedly from E Ecuador, but recent work concluded that they were not obtained in Ecuador, where the species has not been recorded, and that pamprepta is a synonym of smaragdulus#R#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. p. pella (Linnaeus, 1758) – E Venezuela (E Bolívar) and the Guianas to N & W Brazil (Roraima, NW Pará, Amazonas, Rondônia).
  • T. p. smaragdulus (Bosc, 1792) – presumably French Guiana, and N Brazil (Amapá, and C Pará from R Tapajós E to R Xingu).
  • T. p. microrhyncha A. L. Butler, 1926 – NE Pará (I de Marajó and area E of R Tocantins), in N Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 21–23 cm (including bill 2·5 cm and tail 8·6–12·2 cm), 11–18 g; female 13–14 cm, 9–12·5 g (races combined). A... read more


    The song has been described as an “irregular series of chattering “chip” notes given almost... read more


    Occurs in lowland and foothill rainforests up to 500 m, mainly inland, and often around clearings... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly seen foraging for nectar in the upper storey of flowering forest trees such as Isertia hypoleuca (Rubiaceae), ... read more


    Jan–Apr and again in Jul–Nov in the Guianas; Aug–Dec in N Brazil. Display flights by males, apparently usually (or... read more


    Mainly sedentary during breeding period, thereafter number of individuals may decrease locally,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally common but frequently considered rare due to its secretive habits in the treetops; considered widespread but generally uncommon in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Crimson Topaz (Topaza pella). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).