Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Croaking Ground-dove (Columbina cruziana)


French: Colombe à bec jaune German: Perutäubchen Spanish: Columbina quiquagua
Other common names: Peruvian Ground-dove

Columba Cruziana


, 1842,



Formerly placed in genus Columbigallina, and before that in a monotypic genus Eupelia#R. Shows similarities in colour and plumage patterns to C. picui, to which probably closely related. Monotypic.


Arid and semi-arid Pacific coast from extreme SW Colombia (SW Nariño) and N Ecuador S to N Chile (Tarapacá), extending E in N Peru to Marañón Valley.

Descriptive notes

15 cm; male 52 g, female 46 g. Head bluish grey becoming brownish grey on upperparts and darker on central tail feathers; wing-coverts pinkish grey with blue black spots;... read more


Song is a series of peculiar undovelike notes at a rate of c. 1 note per 2-4 seconds. Length of... read more


Arid and semi-arid regions, subtropical scrub and riparian thickets; frequents farmland, gardens... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds taken from the ground. No further information available.


Nests found in all months except Sept–Oct in SW Ecuador, but season may be less prolonged away from human habitation; breeding... read more


Resident. Accidental record at 2900 m.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Considered common through most of its range. Adapts successfully to anthropogenic habitats and is thought to be increasing, as such... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P., de Juana, E. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Croaking Ground-dove (Columbina cruziana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 November 2019).