French: Tyran oriflamme German: Graumaskentyrann Spanish: Tuquito gris
T[yrannus]. aurantio-atro cristatus
[sic] d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye
Valle Grande, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Subspecies and Distribution
G. a. pallidiventris
(Hellmayr, 1929) – EC Brazil (E Pará and N Mato Grosso E to Maranhão and Piauí, S to N Goiás).
G. a. aurantioatrocristatus
(d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – N & E Bolivia (S from Beni), WC & S Brazil (S Mato Grosso E to W Minas Gerais, S to Mato Grosso do Sul, extreme W Paraná, Santa Catarina and W Rio Grande do Sul), N & C Argentina (S to Mendoza, La Pampa, N Río Negro and Buenos Aires), Paraguay (especially W of R Paraguay) and Uruguay; migrates N to W Amazonia.
17·5–18 cm; 27 g. Distinctive. Nominate race has rather flat-looking black crown, yellow coronal patch (semi-concealed), grey supercilium, dusky auriculars; upperparts... read more
Generally fairly quiet; when breeding, rather weak “pseek” or high, thin “pseeet”, sometimes... read more
Canopy of tall humid forest, lighter woodland, scrubby pastures, and open savannas with some... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, also some fruit. Usually solitary, especially migrants in non-breeding season, or in pairs. Regularly perches in the open on top... read more
Nests with eggs recorded Nov to early Jan, and nestlings mid-Dec to late Dec/ early Jan. Nest more or less round to oval and cup-shaped,... read more
S race (nominate) migratory, moving primarily to W Amazonia; recorded in non-breeding season in NE... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally common and fairly widespread. Occurs in many protected areas. Given its large range and wide habitat preferences, including tolerance of... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!