Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Near Threatened

Cuban Black Hawk (Buteogallus gundlachii)


French: Buse de Gundlach German: Kubabussard Spanish: Busardo cubano

Hypomorphnus Gundlachii


, 1855,



Until recently was considered conspecific with B. anthracinus, but differs in its overall browner plumage with more, and more conspicuous, pale feather tips (2); much larger white underwing patch (2); presence of ill-defined malar stripe (2); lack of any mottled rufous panel in wing (ns[2]); alarm call consisting of 3–4 notes vs 9–24 in nominate anthracinus#R (allow 2); smaller size (fide published measurements#R) (at least 1). Monotypic.


Cuba and I of Pines.

Descriptive notes

43–52 cm; one male 650 g; no information on wingspan. Closely resembles B. anthracinus but smaller (nominate anthracinus: wing length 354... read more


Alarm call a repeated series of three (rarely four) short whistles, with emphasis on first two... read more


Mostly observed near coast in and adjacent to mangrove forest; less often seen on sandy beaches and... read more

Food and feeding

Scans for prey from perch in tree or from ground. Feeds heavily on crabs, also fish carrion, rodents and lizards. Twenty-eight prey items... read more


May nest from Jan–Jun. Seven of eight nests examined from mid- to late May 1996–1998 contained eggs, and one had a nestling.... read more


Presumed to be largely sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Cuba EBA. Relatively uncommon and somewhat local, but can be... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Marks, J.S. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Cuban Black Hawk (Buteogallus gundlachii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).