Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Cuban Martin (Progne cryptoleuca)


French: Hirondelle de Cuba German: Kubaschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina cubana

Progne cryptoleuca

S. F. Baird

, 1865,



Has been considered a race of P. subis or of P. dominicensis (see both). Monotypic.


Cuba (including Cayo Romano) and I of Pines; non-breeding range unknown, probably in South America (recorded in Curaçao).

Descriptive notes

18–19 cm. Male is glossy steel-blue, with concealed white band on lower abdomen; wings and tail sooty-black, tail forked. Differs from extremely similar P. subis... read more


Song is a gurgling, including a high-pitched “twick-twick”; also a strong melodious... read more


Semi-open areas, especially near water and along coast, such as scrub, farmland, mangroves; also... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera), heteropteran bugs, and Odonata. Flight alternately flapping and gliding.


Apr–Aug. In loose colonies, sometimes solitary. Nest of vegetable fibres, e.g. grass, twigs and leaves, placed in natural tree hole... read more


Absent from breeding areas mid-Oct to Jan, most having left by Sept. Non-breeding range not known,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common throughout most of breeding range. Research required in order to establish whereabouts of non-breeding quarters.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2020). Cuban Martin (Progne cryptoleuca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).