Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Cuban Oriole (Icterus melanopsis)


French: Oriole de Cuba German: Kubatrupial Spanish: Turpial cubano

Ps[arocolius]. melanopsis


, 1829,

near Havana, Cuba


See remarks under I. northropi. Monotypic.


Cuba, including I of Pines and cays off N coast (Guillermo, Coco and Paredón Grande), with one record from Caguama Cay, off S coast#R.

Descriptive notes

c. 20 cm; male 35–42 g, female 30–38·5 g. Male is almost entirely black, with yellow rump, yellow lesser and median upperwing-coverts (epaulet), yellow... read more


Song lasts c. 3 seconds, comprises up to 11–12 mostly descending whistles, with narrow pitch... read more


Forest edge, woodland, parks and gardens, often near palms.

Food and feeding

Takes insects and other arthropods, small vertebrates, fruits and nectar. Chicks fed mostly with insects and spiders (Araneae), also fruit... read more


Season Feb–Jul, fledged chicks reported mostly in Jun; possibly two or three broods in a season, e.g. three nests (the first... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to locally very common. Common even in modified environments. More recent data on cowbird parasitism needed.

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Cuban Oriole (Icterus melanopsis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).