Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

Cuban Vireo (Vireo gundlachii)


French: Viréo de Cuba German: Kubavireo Spanish: Vireo cubano

Vireo gundlachii


, 1850,

Cienfuegos, Cuba


Sometimes treated as conspecific with V. griseus. Races rather poorly differentiated; species sometimes treated as monotypic. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • V. g. gundlachii Lembeye, 1850 – Cuba (except SE) and I of Pines.
  • V. g. sanfelipensis Garrido, 1973 – Cayo Real (W of I of Pines).
  • V. g. magnus Garrido, 1971 – Cayo Cantiles (E of I of Pines).
  • V. g. orientalis Todd, 1916 – SE Cuba (E of Camagüey).
  • Descriptive notes

    13 cm; 11·1–15·2 g. Nominate race has crown, ear-coverts and back dull olive-grey, patch from lores to behind eye (often discontinuous) yellow or creamy-white (... read more


    Song a loud whistling, very variable, e.g. "chuee-chuee" or "see-ree-ri-do". Other vocalizations... read more


    Forest, forest edge, thickets and bushes; mainly at lower elevations, but also in hills and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food items insects, fruits, small lizards. Forages mostly in lower levels of vegetation, usually in pairs; frequently in mixed flocks,... read more


    Season Mar–Aug, probably mostly Apr–Jun. Nest a well-concealed pensile cup made of plant fibres, grasses, mosses, lichens,... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Cuba EBA. Considered to be generally common over much of its range. Races magnus and sanfelipensis... read more

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2019). Cuban Vireo (Vireo gundlachii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 March 2019).