Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Curl-crested Araçari (Pteroglossus beauharnaisii)


French: Araçari de Beauharnais German: Krauskopfarassari Spanish: Arasarí crespo

Pteroglossus Beauharnaisii


, 1831,

Pará; error = upper Amazon region of eastern Peru


Distinct from congeners, and in past occasionally isolated in monotypic genus or subgenus Beauharnaisius; but genetic data indicate that this species is embedded within Pteroglossus, being sister-species to P. bitorquatus (with sturmii)#R. Original spelling and date of publication recently rectified#R. Monotypic.


SW Amazonia S of Amazon, from N Peru (S of R Marañón) and W Brazil (E to R Madeira mouth and, farther S, to upper R Xingu; isolated record in SW Pará#R) S to N & C Bolivia (Pando, Cochabamba) and N Mato Grosso.

Descriptive notes

42–46 cm; 164–280 g. Unmistakable, with relatively short bill, very long tail. Both sexes have curled, modified, shiny black feathers, like pieces of enamel, on... read more


Very variable, deep “rrek” notes, soft “rrr” to hard, even grunting “grenk” notes, in series,... read more


Occurs in lowland wet forest, both well-drained and swampy, forest edges and clearings, also lower... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known, mainly fruits such as figs and those of Ocotea; also eggs and young birds at times, perhaps when it is nesting... read more


Data from specimens indicate season May–Aug, occasionally to Nov or even Feb. Recorded mating in Jun, both in Mato Grosso and in Par... read more


Some aggregations reported along Amazon when many trees in fruit, as in Jul; presumably local or... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Relatively widespread, but not well known. Generally occupies forest at density of c. 1 bird/10–12 ha, or c. 8 birds/100 ha, but fewer occur in... read more

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. & Bonan, A. (2020). Curl-crested Araçari (Pteroglossus beauharnaisii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).