Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Spot-winged Wood-quail (Odontophorus capueira)

Taxonomy:

Perdix capueira

Spix, 1825, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Race plumbeicollis not well defined and possibly undiagnosable, seemingly based on a unique type#R....

Descriptive notes: 26·5–30 cm; estimated weight of male 457 g, of female 396 g. Bright red bare eyering and eyelid. Sides of head, malar region, chin, throat, breast and belly plain grey; overall colour brown to grey. Crest and crown...
figure, drawing, illustration of Spot-winged Wood-quail (Odontophorus capueira)

Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)

Taxonomy:

Cyanolimnas cerverai

Barbour and J. L. Peters, 1927, Santo Tomás, Península de Zapata, Cuba.

Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 29 cm. Apparently almost flightless; wings very short; tail short and decomposed. Dark rail without streaks or spots, faintly barred on lower belly and thighs and has white undertail-coverts. Sexes alike. Easily separable by plumage...
figure, drawing, illustration of Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)

Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)

Taxonomy:

Platalea pygmea

[sic] Linnaeus, 1758, Suriname = eastern Asia.

Hitherto usually placed in monotypic genus, Eurynorhynchus, but sometimes included in present genus; recent study supports its treatment within...

Descriptive notes: 14–16 cm; male averages 29·5 g, one female 34 g; wingspan 32–38 cm. Small wader closely resembling other Calidris, but has spatulate bill; in summer, red-brown head, neck and breast with dark brown streaks; upperparts...
figure, drawing, illustration of Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Taxonomy:

Strix virginiana

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Virginia, USA.

Has been considered to belong to the B. bubo species-group (see that species, below). Formerly included B. magellanicus as a race, but...

Descriptive notes: 45–60 cm; male 985–1585 g, female 1417–2503 g; wingspan 91–152 cm. Large, powerful owl, ear tufts large and erect, plumage distinctly greyish to grey-brown or more buffy-brown, mottled and vermiculated...
figure, drawing, illustration of Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

Taxonomy:

Aphelocoma wollweberi

Kaup, 1855, #R, Zacatecas, Mexico; restricted to Valparaíso Mountains.

Until recently considered conspecific with A. ultramarina, but molecular evidence#R points to a...

Descriptive notes: 28–32 cm; male 84–150 g, female 77–137 g. Small, chunky, crestless jay, dull bluish above and dingy below, with fairly heavy, pointed bill; bill length varies significantly with season, shorter in winter. Nominate race...
figure, drawing, illustration of Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)