Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Near Threatened

Dark-throated Oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus)


French: Loriot à gorge noire German: Gelbmantelpirol Spanish: Oropéndola gorjinegra

Oriolus Xanthonotus


, 1821,



See O. steerii. Proposed race palawanus has same type locality (Puerto Princesa, NC Palawan) as persuasus, of which it is a junior synonym. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. x. xanthonotus Horsfield, 1821 – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka, Java and SW Borneo.
  • O. x. mentawi Chasen & Kloss, 1926 – Mentawai Is (Siberut, Sipura, Pagai Is), off W Sumatra.
  • O. x. persuasus Bangs, 1922 – Culion I and Palawan, in W Philippines.
  • O. x. consobrinus Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1880 – N, C & E Borneo and adjacent islands.
  • Descriptive notes

    17·5–19 cm; 30–48 g. Male nominate race has head to neck, upper mantle and breast all black, rest of mantle to uppertail-coverts golden-yellow; upperwing... read more


    Song a rich and melodious fluty “tu-u-liu” with upward inflection on last note; also as... read more


    Primary and tall secondary evergreen forests, e.g. mixed dipterocarp forest, also forest edges,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Berries, fruits e.g. of jambu tree (Eugenia jambos) and fig trees (Ficus); also insects, e.g. fly larvae (Diptera) and... read more


    Nesting recorded in May in extreme S Thailand (Narathiwat), and in Feb (Perak) and Jun (Johor) in Peninsular Malaysia, where also begging... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Fairly common and widespread in evergreen forests. Despite its relatively large area of distribution, habitat... read more

    Recommended citation

    Walther, B. & Jones, P. (2020). Dark-throated Oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).