Has been suggested that present species is a colour morph of S. hypoxantha, but this not supported in recent molecular studies. Belongs in S clade of “capped” (“capuchino”) Sporophila (see S. castaneiventris and S. bouvreuil; also S. hypoxantha). Proposed taxon S. melanops, known only from one adult male collected in 1823 on E bank of R Araguaia (extreme WC Goiás), in SC Brazil, is now judged to be a bird of this species acquiring breeding plumage and showing melanism on the cap feathers#R. Monotypic.
SE Bolivia (SE Tarija), SW Brazil (W Mato Grosso do Sul, S Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, N Argentina (Salta E to Corrientes, S to Tucumán, N Córdoba and N Buenos Aires) and W Uruguay#R; non-breeding N & E Bolivia and C & S Brazil (E to Minas Gerais, S to Rio Grande do Sul).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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