Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Daurian Partridge (Perdix dauurica)


Taxonomy

French: Perdrix de Daourie German: Bartrebhuhn Spanish: Perdiz dáurica
Taxonomy:

Tetrao perdix var. dauuricae

Pallas

, 1811,

Transbaikalia

.

Specific name sometimes erroneously spelt P. dauuricae; latter spelling (the original) was in genitive case due to the wording of the description, and has therefore to be corrected. Species formerly referred to as P. barbata, but present name has priority. One recent study found that this species was sister to P. perdix, and also that race przewalskii (sometimes subsumed within suschkini, but generally paler) was basal to other taxa included within the present species#R. Clinal and individual variation make delineation of races somewhat difficult; proposed race turcomana (E Turkestan) is treated as a synonym of nominate, and castaneothorax (NE China) as a synonym of suschkini. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. d. dauurica (Pallas, 1811) – Kyrgyzstan E through Tien Shan and Altai Mts in Kazakhstan and NW China (Xinjiang) to Mongolia and S Russia (Sayan Mts and Tuva) E to Transbaikalia.
  • P. d. przewalskii Sushkin, 1926 – C China from SW Qinghai E to SE Gansu.
  • P. d. suschkini Poliakov, 1915 – NC & NE China (C Qinghai E to Heilongjiang) and Russian Far East.
  • Introduced around Manila (N Philippines), but possibly extinct.

    Descriptive notes

    c. 28–30 cm; 200–340 g. Beard of stiff feathers on sides of chin is distinctive in autumn and winter, a feature shared only with Coturnix japonica.... read more

    Voice

    Poorly documented but similar to P. perdix. Harsh metallic creaking calls and an... read more

    Habitat

    Variety of open habitats from grassland and shrubby meadows to riverine scrub, wooded steppes and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Very little information available. Takes seeds of weeds, cereals and berries; also insects in summer. Occurs in comparatively large groups... read more

    Breeding

    Nesting from late May in Jilin and Shanxi (NE & NC China); pairing begins by mid Mar in Altai region, where laying starts in early Apr... read more

    Movements

    Apparently mostly resident and sedentary, but some seasonal movements suspected in response to... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Considered to be not in danger of extinction largely because of extensive range (etimated at 6,970,000 km²).... read more

    Recommended citation

    McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Daurian Partridge (Perdix dauurica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53428 on 20 February 2018).