Family Cranes (Gruidae)

Least Concern

Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo)


Taxonomy

French: Grue demoiselle German: Jungfernkranich Spanish: Grulla damisela
Taxonomy:

Ardea Virgo

Linnaeus

, 1758,

India

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

C Eurasia from Black Sea E to Mongolia and NE China. Winters in Indian Subcontinent and in sub-Saharan Africa (from L Chad to Ethiopia). Small, disjunct breeding population in Turkey, but another population in NW Africa (Atlas Mts) recently extirpated#R.

Descriptive notes

c. 90–100 cm; 2000–3000 g; wingspan c. 150–170 cm. Smallest crane; male slightly larger than female. Present species and A. paradiseus are the only... read more

Voice

Contact and flight calls are very similar to Grus grus. Courtship calls are lower-pitched... read more

Habitat

Primarily savanna, steppe and other grassland types, often in close proximity to streams, shallow... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly seeds (especially of grasses) and other plant materials; also insects, especially beetles (Coleoptera) in summer; worms, lizards and... read more

Breeding

Spring breeder, mainly Apr–May, but as late as Jun in north. Nest is minimally prepared in open patches of grass, in cultivated areas... read more

Movements

Migratory. Birds from W Eurasia winter in eastern sub-Saharan Africa, principally east of the Nile... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Global population estimated to number 230,000-261,000 individuals. The overall trend is increasing, although some... read more

Recommended citation

Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53552 on 16 October 2018).