French: Ammomane isabelline German: Steinlerche Spanish: Terrera sahariana
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Aswan, upper Egypt
Subspecies and Distribution
A. d. payni
E. J. O. Hartert, 1924 – Morocco (S of High Atlas Mts) and nearby SW Algeria.
A. d. algeriensis
Sharpe, 1890 – N Algeria (N of 31° N), Tunisia and NW Libya to NW Chad (Tibesti Mts).
A. d. mya
E. J. O. Hartert, 1912 – C Algeria (Sahara between 30° N and 27° N).
A. d. geyri
E. J. O. Hartert, 1924 – Mauritania E to S Algeria and W Niger.
A. d. whitakeri
E. J. O. Hartert, 1911 – SE Algeria (including Hoggar Mts) and SW Libya.
A. d. kollmannspergeri#R
Niethammer, 1955 – NE Chad (Ennedi Mts) and W Sudan (Darfur).
A. d. isabellina
(Temminck, 1823) – N Egypt (from W of Nile Valley and Dakhla Oasis) E to S & E Israel, W & S Jordan, NW Saudi Arabia and S Iraq (E to R Tigris).
A. d. deserti
(M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823) – SE Egypt (E of R Nile to Red Sea) S to N Sudan.
A. d. erythrochroa
Reichenow, 1904 – W Chad (N’Djamena) E to N Sudan (Dongola S to Kordofan).
A. d. samharensis
Shelley, 1902 – Red Sea coasts of Sudan, Eritrea (S to Mits’iwa) and Arabian Peninsula (S to Yemen border).
A. d. assabensis
Salvadori, 1902 – SE Eritrea, Djibouti, NE Ethiopia and NW Somalia.
A. d. akeleyi
Elliot, 1897 – highlands of N Somalia.
A. d. coxi
R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 – S Turkey (Birecik), Syria and N Iraq (E to Samarra and Al Fallujah).
A. d. annae
R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 – black lava deserts of Jordan (Azraq area), probably also extreme S Syria.
A. d. azizi
Ticehurst & Cheesman, 1924 – NE Saudi Arabia (Al Hufuf area).
A. d. saturata
Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 – black lava deserts of S Arabia (N Hijaz S to Aden).
A. d. insularis
Ripley, 1951 – Bahrain, in Persian Gulf.
A. d. taimuri
Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1953 – E United Arab Emirates and N Oman (Muscat area).
A. d. cheesmani
R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 – E Iraq (E of R Tigris) to W Iran (S, W of Zagros Mts, to Persian Gulf near Bandar e Bushehr).
A. d. darica
Koelz, 1951 – SW Iran (S Zagros Mts).
A. d. parvirostris
E. J. O. Hartert, 1890 – W Turkmenistan (Kara-Bogaz-Gol S to Kopet Dag and Atrak Basin).
A. d. orientalis
Zarudny & Loudon, 1904 – NE Iran (N Khorasan), Turkestan (SE Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, S Tajikistan) and N Afghanistan.
A. d. iranica
Zarudny, 1911 – C, S & E Iran (E of Tehran) E to SW Afghanistan and W Pakistan (Baluchistan).
A. d. phoenicuroides
(Blyth, 1853) – SE Afghanistan, E Pakistan and adjacent NW India (extreme W Rajasthan).
15–17 cm; c. 20–30 g. Medium-sized, robust lark with relatively large head, rather heavy bill (size changes geographically), longish wings with long primary... read more
Male song, usually in flight, also from ground, far-carrying, melodious trilled whistles, “... read more
Throughout range occurs in desert or semi-desert, mainly in lowlands. Found on rocky or stony hill... read more
Food and feeding
Mixed diet; small seeds and insects taken in highly variable proportions, according to areas and seasons. In Western Sahara during spring... read more
Lays Mar–May in N of range, Feb–Apr in S; Apr–Jun in Somalia; 1–2 broods per year. Monogamous; territorial. Male... read more
Resident. Mainly sedentary, although some irregular movements recorded; altitudinal movements in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and common to locally common in many parts of extensive range. Common in much of African range, but apparently rather uncommon in... read more
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