French: Dickcissel d’Amérique German: Dickzissel Spanish: Arrocero
J. F. Gmelin
New York, USA
Extreme S Canada (SE Saskatchewan, S Manitoba, S Ontario) and C & EC USA (E Montana E to Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, S to Texas and Georgia); migrates to Central America and N South America (S to N Colombia, Venezuela and N Brazil).
c. 16 cm; male average 28·5 g during breeding, 36 g pre-migratory Apr (Venezuela); female 25 g during breeding, 30 g pre-migratory in Apr (Venezuela). Male breeding... read more
Song onomatopoeic, a dry insect-like series of notes, e.g. “see see dick dick ciss ciss ciss... read more
Grassland areas. Breeding habitats include hay fields, grassy roadsides, lightly grazed pastures... read more
Food and feeding
During breeding season omnivorous, stomach contents about two-thirds animal, one third vegetable. Prey includes grasshoppers (Orthoptera),... read more
Egg-laying begins mid-May in S parts of range (e.g. Texas) and Jun in N; single-brooded, although possible that some, after breeding, move... read more
Migratory. Core wintering range C Venezuela (especially Portuguesa and W Guárico); winters... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common. Has fluctuated widely, both in total numbers and in geographical distribution, for much of its known history. Core breeding area... read more
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