Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Dot-backed Antbird (Hylophylax punctulatus)


French: Alapi perlé German: Weißflecken-Ameisenwächter Spanish: Hormiguero lomipunteado

Rhopotera punctulata

Des Murs

, 1856,

Pebas, Loreto, Peru


Birds from C of range (R Madeira E to R Xingu) sometimes separated as race subochraceus, but appear to intergrade with other populations over wide region S of R Amazon. Monotypic.


S Venezuela (Amazonas, and R Caura drainage in Bolívar), SE Colombia (Meta, Caquetá, Vaupés), E Ecuador (locally Sucumbíos S to Pastaza), NE & SE Peru (Loreto, S Madre de Dios), W & S Amazonian Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas, Pará S of R Amazon and E to R Tocantins and R Araguaia, Rondônia, N Mato Grosso) and N & E Bolivia (lower R Beni drainage in Pando and Beni, also extreme NE Santa Cruz); perhaps also Guyana#R and French Guiana#R.

Descriptive notes

10–10·5 cm; 11–13 g. Male has crown, mantle and scapulars dark rufous-brown, white interscapular patch, back and rump black with white spots; flight-feathers dark... read more


Male loudsong a series of doublets each about 0·5 seconds long of 2 somewhat similar sharp... read more


Understorey of flooded evergreen forest, mostly below 350 m, locally to 800 m. More common along... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on various insects, probably also spiders. Closely associated partners, individuals, or family groups forage mostly 0–4 m above... read more


Almost nothing known. In Brazil, record of nearly grown young female (out of nest) being fed by both parents during 23rd-27th Feb in Pará,... read more


None recorded; presumed resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common, and patchily distributed, throughout most of its extensive range. Most Venezuelan records are clustered in just a... read more

Recommended citation

Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). Dot-backed Antbird (Hylophylax punctulatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).