Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Double-collared Seedeater (Sporophila caerulescens)


French: Sporophile à col double German: Schmuckspelzer Spanish: Semillero corbatita

Pyrrhula Cærulescens


, 1823,



Closely related to S. nigricollis and S. luctuosa#R; visual similarity to S. albogularis (although differing in bill and throat colour) not an indication of relationship. Race hellmayri formerly known as ornata, but that name invalid, as preoccupied. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. c. yungae Gyldenstolpe, 1941 – C Bolivia (La Paz, S Beni and Cochabamba).
  • S. c. caerulescens (Vieillot, 1823) – SE & E Bolivia, SC & SE Brazil S through Paraguay, Argentina (S to Mendoza and La Pampa) and Uruguay; S populations migrate N to E Peru and across much of C Brazil#R.
  • S. c. hellmayri Wolters, 1939 – S Bahia, in E Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    11 cm; 7·4–12·5 g. Typical seedeater, tiny, with thick bill approximately as long as it is deep and with distinct rounded culmen. Male nominate race has... read more


    Song loud and varied, composed of variable and jumbled notes, peak sound often half-way or more... read more


    Forest edge, shrubby openings, secondary growth, disturbed cerrado habitat, and old-field... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet various grass seeds, including those of introduced forage grasses for cattle. In São Paulo (Brazil) young fed with seeds of the... read more


    Season mainly Oct–Feb; Dec–May in SE Brazil, and possibly in all months in N part of range; on average nests later (waiting for seeding of... read more


    Incompletely known. Some, perhaps many, populations apparently resident. S populations retreat N in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to abundant in much of range; generally more numerous than its congeners. Has large breeding distribution. This species... read more

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. (2019). Double-collared Seedeater (Sporophila caerulescens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 May 2019).