Family Thick-knees (Burhinidae)

Least Concern

Double-striped Thick-knee (Burhinus bistriatus)


French: Oedicnème bistrié German: Dominikanertriel Spanish: Alcaraván venezolano

Charadrius bistriatus


, 1829,



Proposed race vigilans is synonymous with nominate bistriatus. Four races recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. b. bistriatus (Wagler, 1829) – S Mexico (from SE Oaxaca and C Veracruz) S to NW Costa Rica.
  • B. b. dominicensis (Cory, 1883) – Hispaniola (extreme NE Haiti and N Dominican Republic)#R#R.
  • B. b. pediacus Wetmore & Borrero, 1964 – N Colombia and NW Venezuela (Zulia, N Falcón).
  • B. b. vocifer (L’Herminier, 1837) – E Colombia, Venezuela (including Margarita I), SW Guyana and extreme N Brazil (NE Roraima and Amapá).
  • Descriptive notes

    43–48 cm; 565·5–787 g (nominate). Large thick-knee, with long neck and legs; long white supercilium bordered above by black line. Sexes basically alike.... read more


    Short, chattering and strident calls, e.g. “kee-kee-kee...” or clucking “kah-kah-... read more


    Open grassland and bushy savanna, mostly in semi-arid to arid areas, including those in close... read more

    Food and feeding

    Poorly known. Feeds on small animals such as insects, worms, molluscs and occasionally lizards and small rodents. Feeds at or after dusk,... read more


    Essentially breeds in dry season, e.g., eggs in SW Mexico in Feb–Mar, young in Apr and early May in Colombia, Apr–May in... read more


    Sedentary, although with some exceptional occurrences beyond normal range, e.g. recorded on Cura... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Increasing locally as habitat changes open up new areas for colonization, especially deforestation, with forest giving way to pasture... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hume, R. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Double-striped Thick-knee (Burhinus bistriatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).