Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

Double-toothed Kite (Harpagus bidentatus)


French: Harpage bidenté German: Doppelzahnweih Spanish: Milano bidentado

Falco bidentatus


, 1790,



Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. b. fasciatus Lawrence, 1869 – S Mexico (Jalisco and S Veracruz) to W Colombia and W Ecuador.
  • H. b. bidentatus (Latham, 1790) – E Colombia, Venezuela and E Ecuador through Amazonia to E Bolivia (Beni) and SE Brazil; Trinidad.
  • Descriptive notes

    29–35 cm; male 161–198 g, female 190–229 g; wingspan 60–72 cm. Double tooth on upper mandible not easily visible in field. General appearance more... read more


    In nesting season, high calls reminiscent of those made by some tyrant-flycatchers: “tsip-tsip-tsip... read more


    Tropical and occasionally subtropical forest, to c. 1200 m in Colombia, 2100 m in Ecuador; mature... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly arthropods and small vertebrates, especially lizards and sometimes frogs; statements in the older literature that the species takes... read more


    Nestbuilding in late Jan in Costa Rica, late Mar in Panama and early Apr in Mexico; incubation in early Jul in Panama. In Ecuador,... read more


    Largely sedentary, but there is a record of a first-year bird in S USA, in Texas, early May 2011,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. No immediate cause for concern, but species will not persist in areas of extensive deforestation. Relatively common in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Bierregaard, R.O., Jr, Marks, J.S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Double-toothed Kite (Harpagus bidentatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).