#R, Provence, south France.
North African form margaritae notably distinct, with longer bill (effect size 2.06, score 2); shorter hind-claw and tail (effect size for latter –2.18; score 2); usually pale rufous vs usually blackish-brown plumage above (ns); usually diffuse rufous vs distinct dark brown streaks on throat and breast (ns); and probably stony desert vs grassy plain habitat (ns). Intermediacy of “populations from Morocco E to N Tunisia” (HBW) not apparent in specimens, but internet photographs suggest overlap in plumage features that requires checking in order to confirm or revise current arrangement, and vocal evidence is clearly important; song of margaritae in S Tunisia similar to song of nominate in Algeria, but song of former in E Libya very different#R, raising intriguing question about the taxonomic identity of eastern populations of margaritae. Genetic data indicate earlier split between population in C Tunisia and those in Morocco and Spain than between Iberia and N Africa, but unclear if sample from Tunisia involved nominate or margaritae#R. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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