Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)

Taxonomy:

Tringa Glareola

Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.

Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 19–23 cm; 34–98 g; wingspan 54–57 cm. Small, graceful sandpiper; head, neck and breast finely streaked grey-brown; supercilium and throat white; upperparts black-brown with white spots, underparts white. Similar to T....
figure, drawing, illustration of Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Taxonomy:

Trochilus rufus

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, Canada.

Closely related to S. sasin (which see). Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 8·5 cm; 2·9–3·9 g. Male has medium-short, straight black bill; crown bronze or bronze-green, remaining upperparts rufous, occasionally with a few green feathers on the back; throat iridescent scarlet-bronze...
figure, drawing, illustration of Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)

Taxonomy:

Cyanolimnas cerverai

Barbour and J. L. Peters, 1927, Santo Tomás, Península de Zapata, Cuba.

Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 29 cm. Apparently almost flightless; wings very short; tail short and decomposed. Dark rail without streaks or spots, faintly barred on lower belly and thighs and has white undertail-coverts. Sexes alike. Easily separable by plumage...
figure, drawing, illustration of Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Taxonomy:

Strix virginiana

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Virginia, USA.

Has been considered to belong to the B. bubo species-group (see that species, below). Formerly included B. magellanicus as a race, but...

Descriptive notes: 45–60 cm; male 985–1585 g, female 1417–2503 g; wingspan 91–152 cm. Large, powerful owl, ear tufts large and erect, plumage distinctly greyish to grey-brown or more buffy-brown, mottled and vermiculated...
figure, drawing, illustration of Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Pacific Robin (Petroica pusilla)

Taxonomy:

Petroica pusilla

Peale, 1848, Upolu, Samoa.

Until recently considered conspecific with P. multicolor, which, however, is more closely related to P. goodenovii...

Descriptive notes: 11·5–13·5 cm; 13–15 g, 10–14·5 g (dennisi), 8–11 g (kleinschmidti), 8·4–9·7 g (ambrynensis). Male nominate race has white forehead, contrasting with sooty-black rest of head and upperparts; upperwing black with considerable amount of...
figure, drawing, illustration of Pacific Robin (Petroica pusilla)