Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Dusky Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne concolor)


French: Hirondelle concolore German: Einfarbschwalbe Spanish: Avión oscuro

Hirundo concolor


, 1832,

Dukhun, India


See P. rupestris. Race sintaungensis may not be clearly distinguishable from nominate, which varies in darkness. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. concolor (Sykes, 1832) – extreme SE Pakistan and India (from Gujarat, E Rajasthan, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh E to Odisha, S to Kerala and W Tamil Nadu).
  • P. c. sintaungensis (E. C. S. Baker, 1933) – E & S Myanmar, S China (S Yunnan), N & W Thailand, N Laos, N & S Vietnam and Malay Peninsula.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm; 12–14 g. Plumage is mostly dark sooty brown (variable, to blackish), paler below; tail square, white patches except on outermost and innermost... read more


    Twittering song; contact call a soft “chit”chit”.


    Mountainous areas with cliffs and gorges, also lowland areas with suitable breeding sites; also... read more

    Food and feeding

    Dietary details not known. Feeds alone or in pairs, occasionally in small groups; often associates with other hirundines. Forages around... read more


    Jan–Oct; mainly Feb–Mar and after rains in Jul–Aug in India, Feb–May and Jul–Oct in Pakistan; Mar–Apr... read more


    Resident, with some local post-breeding movements. Forms small flocks when not breeding. Vagrant in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common to locally common. Common where breeding sites abundant, including in cities such as Bombay (India), but only locally distributed;... read more

    Recommended citation

    Turner, A. (2020). Dusky Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne concolor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).