Family Fairy Flycatcher and allies (Stenostiridae)

Least Concern

Dusky Crested-flycatcher (Elminia nigromitrata)


French: Elminie à tête noire German: Schwarzkopf-Haubenschnäpper Spanish: Elminia cabecinegra

Terpsiphone nigromitrata


, 1874,

estuary of Cameroon River, Douala, Cameroon#R


Forms a clade with E. albonotata and E. albiventris#R; has been considered conspecific with latter. Races may intergrade in S Nigeria and SW Cameroon#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. n. colstoni (Dickerman, 1994) – discontinuously SE Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia (Mt Nimba), S Ivory Coast, W & S Ghana and S Nigeria.
  • E. n. nigromitrata (Reichenow, 1874) – Cameroon and Gabon, N Congo E to S Central African Republic, DRCongo, W & S Uganda, SW Kenya (Kakamega Forest) and extreme NW Tanzania (Bukoba).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–13 cm; 8·5–12 g. Small, dark grey blunt-crested flycatcher with long graduated tail. Male nominate race head and face, upperwing and tail black,... read more


    Song a prolonged series of highly variable phrases of whistles and liquid trills, broken and... read more


    Interior undergrowth and lower strata of mature lowland and highland forests, also secondary forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food mostly small invertebrates, including flies (Diptera), cockroaches (Blattodea), grasshoppers (Orthoptera), adult and larval... read more


    Jun–Jul in Liberia, Jan, Mar and Jun in Ivory Coast, Jan in Nigeria; Feb–May (and birds in breeding condition Jul and Dec) in... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon or locally common. Common in SE Guinea, scarce in S Ghana, uncommon in Cameroon, rare in SW Central African Republic; widespread, common and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2020). Dusky Crested-flycatcher (Elminia nigromitrata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).