Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Dusky Parrot (Pionus fuscus)


French: Pione violette German: Veilchenpapagei Spanish: Loro morado

Psittacus fuscus

Statius Müller

, 1776,



DNA data indicate that this species is sister to the pair P. sordidus and P. maximiliani#R. Monotypic.


NE Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil to lower Amazon at Manaus and E to N Maranhão; also the W slopes of Sierra de Perijá, on NE Colombia–Venezuela border.

Descriptive notes

25–26 cm; 179–229 g. Head slaty blue, with small indistinct red patch below nares and pale bluish-grey bare orbital ring; face fringed with indistinct ring of... read more


Flight call is a rather rhythmic, somewhat plaintive-sounding “kee-lah .... klow-klow-klow” or... read more


Inhabits humid tropical evergreen terra firme forest and, to a lesser extent, seasonally... read more

Food and feeding

Very poorly documented. Seeds of Eschweilera subgrandulosa and Micropholis melinoneana recorded.


Apr in Colombia; Mar–Apr in Guyana; Feb in French Guiana; Nov in Pará, N Brazil. Nest in hole in dead tree. Eggs four, size 36... read more


In Surinam birds visit coastal area Jun–Aug.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Fairly common throughout range, and only likely to have declined in area in S and E of range in response to widespread habitat clearance in... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Dusky Parrot (Pionus fuscus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).