Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Eared Pygmy-tyrant (Myiornis auricularis)


Taxonomy

French: Microtyran oreillard German: Ohrfleck-Zwergtyrann Spanish: Mosqueta enana
Taxonomy:

Platyrhynchos auricularis

Vieillot

, 1818,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

.

Close to M. albiventris, and sometimes considered conspecific (but see that species). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. a. cinereicollis (Wied, 1831) – E Brazil (SE Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo).
  • M. a. auricularis (Vieillot, 1818) – E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) and SE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro and Mato Grosso do Sul S to N Rio Grande do Sul).
  • Descriptive notes

    7 cm; 5 g. Very small, round-bodied, large-headed tyrannid. Has buffish-cinnamon area around eye, whitish auriculars, black patch below eye, black crescent-shaped patch at... read more

    Voice

    Series of “pic” notes followed by musical trill, “pic-pic-pic-pree-ee-ee-ee-ee... read more

    Habitat

    Humid forest and forest edge, usually in dense, shrubby growth along edges, less frequent within... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Forages mostly in lower and middle growth usually at 2–3 m; perches in the open, moving rapidly and changing perches... read more

    Breeding

    Nests found in Oct–Dec. Nest purse-shaped, with side entrance, made of twigs, stems and dry leaves, sometimes with hanging “... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common. Although much suitable habitat for this species has been destroyed or heavily degraded, it still occurs in many... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clock, B. (2018). Eared Pygmy-tyrant (Myiornis auricularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57254 on 9 December 2018).