#R, “northern Brazil”.
Hitherto treated as conspecific with T. cayana, and voices apparently similar, but separated here on account of its much-reduced red on bill in both sexes (2); usually whiter upperparts in male (ns); absence of a black hood in female (3); usually heavier and more extensive streaking in female, with browner tinge to underlying plumage above and below (1); zone of hybridization extending in a belt from NE Brazil (Piauí) SW through Mato Grosso to Bolivia (at least 1). Monotypic.
NE, C & S Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí and Pernambuco S to Mato Grosso do Sul and N Rio Grande do Sul), N & E Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), N, C & E Paraguay (primarily E of R Paraguay) and NE Argentina (S to E Formosa, E Chaco and Misiones, probably also Corrientes).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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