French: Merlebleu de l’Est German: Rotkehl-Hüttensänger Spanish: Azulejo oriental
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. s. sialis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – S & SE Canada and E USA S to NE Mexico; non-breeding also N Mexico and Bermuda.
S. s. fulva
Brewster, 1885 – SW USA (SE Arizona) S through montane C Mexico.
S. s. grata
Bangs, 1898 – SW USA (S Florida).
S. s. bermudensis
Verrill, 1901 – Bermuda.
S. s. nidificans
A. R. Phillips, 1991 – Caribbean slope of EC Mexico.
S. s. guatemalae
Ridgway, 1882 – SE Mexico (Chiapas) and Guatemala.
S. s. meridionalis
Dickey & van Rossem, 1930 – El Salvador, Honduras and N Nicaragua.
S. s. caribaea
T. R. Howell, 1965 – E Honduras and NE Nicaragua.
16·5–21 cm; 26–32 g. Male nominate race is rich blue above and on side of head, with blackish tips of tail; submoustachial area and neck to flanks... read more
Song, usually by male, from high exposed perch or in flight, at rate of 15–20 per minute, a... read more
Originally probably fire-maintained savannas, open stands of mature pinewood, dead trees... read more
Food and feeding
Chiefly terrestrial arthropods in spring and summer, greatly supplemented and often largely replaced by fruits during autumn and winter.... read more
Feb–Sept, mainly Mar–Aug, latitude-dependent, but Apr peak month for laying in all areas; mostly double-brooded, but in boreal... read more
Partial migrant, commonly travelling in small groups, sometimes in flocks of several hundreds;... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in much of range; fairly common to common in Mexico; fairly common in Honduras. Constraints on numbers variable, but include weather and the... read more
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