Family Bristlebirds (Dasyornithidae)

Endangered

Eastern Bristlebird (Dasyornis brachypterus)


Taxonomy

French: Dasyorne brun German: Olivscheitel-Borstenvogel Spanish: Picocerdas oriental
Taxonomy:

Turdus brachypterus

Latham

, 1801,

near Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia

.

In past, sometimes treated as conspecific with D. longirostris, but differs significantly in plumage and voice. Recent genetic study#R does not support recognition of races as currently defined; further study needed. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • D. b. monoides Schodde & Mason, 1999 – coastal and subcoastal E Australia from SE Queensland (Conondale Range) S to NE New South Wales (S to Dorrigo Plateau).
  • D. b. brachypterus (Latham, 1801) – coastal SE Australia from Illawarra (SE New South Wales) S to Mallacoota (E Victoria).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–21 cm; 35–50 g. Typical bristlebird with short, rounded wings, long graduated tail often ragged and with rounded tip, and slightly decurved bill. Nominate race... read more

    Voice

    Song loud, melodic, sweet and far-carrying (c. 400 m), given mainly in breeding season (least often... read more

    Habitat

    Wide range of habitats, including sedgeland, heathland, swampland, shrubland, sclerophyll forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Invertebrates and seeds, rarely nectar. Reported items include seeds of family Poaceae and of plant genera Carex, Banksia... read more

    Breeding

    Season Aug–Feb; single-brooded. Probably pairs for life. Nest large, domed, ovoid or spheroid, with side entrance near top, loosely... read more

    Movements

    Generally sedentary. Some local movements to recolonize areas after fire, probably mainly on foot (... read more

    Status and conservation

    ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Eastern Australia EBA. Fragmented range, within which probably fewer than 2000 individuals remain, in isolated populations;... read more

    Recommended citation

    Gregory, P. (2019). Eastern Bristlebird (Dasyornis brachypterus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62332 on 19 January 2019).