Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Eastern Bronze Ground-dove (Alopecoenas johannae)


French: Gallicolombe de Jane German: Östliche Graubrusttaube Spanish: Paloma perdiz isleña

Phlogœnas johannae

P. L. Sclater

, 1877,

Duke of York Island, Bismarck Archipelago


Hitherto considered conspecific with A. beccarii, but here separated on account of rather dark brownish belly below pale grey breast vs greyer belly (with resultant dark brownish lower breastband)  (2);  dull dark chestnut vs dull dark green upperparts (3);  the (darker) grey of crown and neck-sides extending onto mantle vs (green-shot) grey of crown and neck-sides cutting to dull dark green on mantle (2); white eyering much broader (ns[2]);  red vs purplish legs (fide labels in NHMUK) (ns[1]). Affinities unclear: with A. beccarii may be most closely related to A. canifrons, and these three appear also to be related to the A. jobiensis complex; alternatively, may be related to A. sanctaecrucis and A. stairi, and more distantly to A. hoedtii and A. canifrons. Race masculinus often subsumed within nominate, but appears to merit recognition#R. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. j. johannae (P. L. Sclater, 1877) – Karkar I (off N New Guinea) and Bismarck Archipelago (except ranges of following two races).
  • A. j. admiralitatis (Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1914) – Admiralty Is (Manus).
  • A. j. eichhorni (E. J. O. Hartert, 1924) – St Matthias Group (Mussau, Emirau).
  • A. j. masculinus (Salomonsen, 1972) – Nissan I (E of SE New Ireland).
  • A. j. intermedius (Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1905) – N & C Solomon Is (Bougainville S to New Georgia).
  • A. j. solomonensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1888) – SE & S Solomons from Guadalcanal and Makira (San Cristobal) S to Rennell.
  • Descriptive notes

    19 cm. Small, plump ground-dove. Adult male has pale ash-grey head, neck and breast, becoming paler on lower breast and has sharply contrasting black belly-band, dark rufous-... read more


    A long, monotonous series of deep, flat-sounding “ho-ho-ho...” notes, varying only slightly in... read more


    Forest, mainly old growth or primary. Ranges from lowlands to lower mountains, typically to 1250 m... read more

    Food and feeding

    Forages on the ground in forest. Usually encountered singly or in pairs. On Kolombangara Island, Solomons, commonly found in montane forest... read more


    Little known. Recorded in Jun and Aug on Nissan I.



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Global population size unknown but the species is described as generally scarce, although moderately common on Makira I and rare on Manus I; easily... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Eastern Bronze Ground-dove (Alopecoenas johannae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).