French: Tchitrec bifascié German: Haubenmonarch Spanish: Monarca morado oriental
Muniuni, lower Tana River, Kenya
Subspecies and Distribution
T. b. vivax
Neave, 1909 – W Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, NW Tanzania, SE DRCongo (Shaba) and adjacent N & W Zambia; also, perhaps this race, SW Kenya#R.
T. b. bivittatus
Reichenow, 1879 – C & SE Kenya, S Somalia and to E Tanzania, including Zanzibar I.
T. b. megalolophus
Swynnerton, 1907 – Malawi and N Mozambique S to E Zimbabwe and NE South Africa (E KwaZulu-Natal).
13–14 cm; 6–12·1 g. Feathers of crown elongated, forming long pointed crest. Adult male has glossy blue-black head, throat and breast, white belly, mostly slate-blue... read more
Song loud and ringing, some loud separate notes followed by liquid trill, “zweep-tyew-too-... read more
Dense moist thickets of coastal, lowland and mid-altitude evergreen forest, riparian forest and, in... read more
Food and feeding
Small insects. Feeds solitarily or in pairs, sometimes in mixed-species flocks. Mostly in understorey and lower and middle stages of forest... read more
Season Sept in Rwanda and DRCongo, Apr in Uganda, Feb and Dec in Malawi, Oct–Jan in Zimbabwe and Sept and Dec in Zambia. Monogamous;... read more
Resident; in S Africa some local seasonal movements may occur in Jun–Jul and Dec.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally frequent to uncommon. In Kenya mainly occurs E of Rift Valley, but recently discovered in SW on Oloololo Escarpment and in... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!