Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Eastern Double-collared Sunbird (Cinnyris mediocris)


French: Souimanga du Kilimandjaro German: Hochland-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga del Kilimanjaro

Cinnyris mediocris


, 1885,

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania


Until recently considered conspecific with C. usambaricus and C. fuelleborni; see those species (below). Monotypic.


W & C Kenya and N Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 5·2–10·7 g. Male has head and neck, upperparts, including lesser and median wing-coverts, and chin to breast iridescent golden-green,... read more


Song consists of “tseep”, a 0·5-second gap, another “tseep” and then... read more


Upland areas such as montane forests, bamboo stands, heathland, open grassy areas and gardens;... read more

Food and feeding

Very little information. Observed taking nectar of Impatiens papilionacea, Kniphofia and Leonotis sp. flowers in... read more


Egg-laying recorded in Feb–May and Sept–Nov in W Kenya, with records from Jan, May–Jul and Sept–Dec recorded... read more


Descends to lower altitudes after breeding, reportedly during periods of cooler weather.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common at many Kenyan localities, e.g. in the Cherangani Hills, Mau, Aberdares and Mt Kenya, less on Mt Kulal, Mt Nyiru and the... read more

Recommended citation

Cheke, R., Mann, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Eastern Double-collared Sunbird (Cinnyris mediocris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 August 2019).