the Nilgiris, near Coonoor, India.
Closely related to T. capensis, with which often considered conspecific. Variation within species poorly understood, owing to rarity of specimens from whole range. Race pithecops sometimes included in chinensis, but appears to be valid. Of several other forms previously separated subspecifically, walleri (from Sulawesi, C Lesser Sundas and N & E Australia), maculosa (SW Australia) and oustaleti (New Caledonia and, at least formerly, Fiji) now regarded as synonyms of nominate, although Australian walleri perhaps warrants recognition on basis of plumage differences and sexual dimorphism; SE China (Guangxi Zhuang and Guangdong) population proposed as race melli, but better merged with chinensis; chinensis itself sometimes included in pithecops, but probably better retained as separate race; baliem (from Baliem Valley, in WC New Guinea) sometimes recognized, but barely distinguishable from papuensis and here subsumed within it. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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