Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

Eastern Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis)


French: Alouette de Sykes German: China-Kurzzehenlerche Spanish: Terrera oriental

Alauda Dukhunensis


, 1832,

Deccan Plateau, India


Until recently considered conspecific with C. brachydactyla, but molecular evidence places it as sister to C. acutirostris#R; this finding accepted here, and present species appears to differ in its longer wings (allow 1); deeper or shorter bill (allow 1); fulvous-washed breastband (1); heavier, darker streaking on upperparts (1); and melodious song distantly recalling Lullula arborea#R (allow 3). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Tibet, C & NE China, C & E Mongolia and Transbaikalia; winters S & E Asia.

Descriptive notes

14–15 cm. Adult is similar to E populations of C. brachydactyla longipennis, but upperparts rather consistently darker ochre-brown with broader and darker streaks on... read more


Melodious song, not well described in the literature but has been likened to that of Lullula... read more


Breeds in semi-desert, on salt flats and dry steppes, often at high altitudes, probably to at least... read more

Food and feeding

No information on diet and very little has been published concerning foraging ecology, but neither is believed to differ substantially from... read more


Very few data. Recent study in Tibet found that eggs are laid between late May and early Jul; whether species is double-brooded, like C... read more


Migratory, with most wintering in S Asia, in Indian Subcontinent, but also known to winter in NE... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally abundant in many parts of very extensive range, but very few specific data. Its population and even the species’... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Eastern Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 February 2020).