Family Shrike-tits (Falcunculidae)

Least Concern

Eastern Shrike-tit (Falcunculus frontatus)


Taxonomy

French: Falconelle à casque German: Grauschwanz-Meisendickkopf Spanish: Silbador cabezón oriental
Taxonomy:

L[anius]. frontatus

Latham

, 1801,

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

.

Commonly and plausibly considered conspecific with F. whitei and F. leucogaster, but differs from former in its much longer tail (sample tiny#R but indicative; allow 3); rich mid-grey vs brownish-grey wing-coverts and wings narrowly edged white vs broadly edged yellow (2); female without dark transverse bar at top of breast (2); seemingly slightly different song, but based on a single recording (ns). Differs from latter (for which one recordings of voice available) in its longer wing (largest samples reported#R for males yield effect size of 0.94; score 1); rich mid-grey vs olive-grey wing-coverts (1); remiges edged white vs yellow (2); and yellow vs white belly (3). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

E & SE Australia (S from NE Queensland and E from SE South Australia).

Descriptive notes

16–19 cm; 27–33 g. Distinctive head pattern, with crown and nape feathers formed into crest; deep bill laterally compressed. Male has median crownstripe from... read more

Voice

Song a high-pitched, piping, drawn-out, descending whistle, described as mournful and mellow... read more

Habitat

Mainly eucalypt (Eucalyptus) forest and woodland, riparian vegetation in drier country,... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates, mainly insects, some spiders (Araneae); also fruit, seeds and arils. At one site, 50% of diet insect larvae, most of rest... read more

Breeding

Season late Aug to early Jan; usually double-brooded. Breeds as simple pair, occasionally with auxiliaries. Territorial when breeding and... read more

Movements

Largely sedentary; some local movements, mainly in autumn-winter. Present in some localities all... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common in appropriate habitat, but has declined in some areas; recorded in regrowth more than 50 years since logging, but not... read more

Recommended citation

Boles, W. & Christie, D.A. (2018). Eastern Shrike-tit (Falcunculus frontatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59329 on 16 July 2018).