French: Tohi à flancs roux German: Rötelgrundammer Spanish: Toquí flanquirrufo
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. e. erythrophthalmus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Red-eyed Towhee – S Canada (S Manitoba, S Ontario and S Quebec) and E USA (N Minnesota E to N Vermont, C New Hampshire and SW Maine, S to NE Oklahoma, N Arkansas, S Tennessee, NE Georgia, NW South Carolina, C North Carolina and Virginia); non-breeding mainly from E Kansas, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, extreme S Ontario, S New York and Massachusetts S to Oklahoma, CS & SE Texas, Gulf Coast and SC Florida.
P. e. canaster
A. H. Howell, 1913 – NE Louisiana, NW Mississippi, SW Tennessee, N Alabama, N Georgia, C South Carolina and W North Carolina S to Gulf Coast (CS Louisiana E to NW Florida), EC Alabama, SE Georgia and coastal South Carolina.
P. e. rileyi
Koelz, 1939 – SE Virginia, coastal North Carolina and coastal South Carolina S to SE Alabama, SE Georgia and N Florida; non-breeding also W & C Florida.
P. e. alleni
Coues, 1871 – White-eyed Towhee – Florida.
17·3–20·6 cm; 32·1–52·3 g. Large, long-tailed sparrow, adult with unstreaked underparts, rufous flanks, and white at base of... read more
Song a distinctive loud, ringing “drink your teeeee”, or “drink teeeee”,... read more
Dense deciduous or mixed thickets, often second-growth thickets, young jack pines (Pinus... read more
Food and feeding
During breeding season feeds primarily on insects and other small animal items, probably augmented with seeds and berries when available.... read more
Season early Apr to late May, and again to early Aug; double-brooded. Monogamous. Territorial. Nest built by female, is a bulky cup... read more
N populations migratory, far S ones resident, others partially migratory. Spring migration late Apr... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to locally common. Probably influenced by human activities even in pre-colonial times. Following clearance of forests, early... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!