Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus)


Taxonomy

French: Grand Éclectus German: Edelpapagei Spanish: Loro ecléctico
Taxonomy:

Psittacus roratus

Statius Müller

, 1776,

Ambon

.

Race polychloros formerly known as pectoralis, but latter name now considered a synonym of nominate. Described race maforensis (from Numfor I, New Guinea) is included within polychloros, and goodsoni (Manus, in Admiralty Is) in solomonensis. Proposed race westermani known only from four aviary specimens of unknown provenance dating from before 1850. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. r. vosmaeri (Rothschild, 1922) – N & C Moluccas from Morotai S to Obi.
  • E. r. roratus (Statius Müller, 1776) – S Moluccas (Buru, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Saparua).
  • E. r. cornelia Bonaparte, 1850 – Sumba (W Lesser Sundas).
  • E. r. riedeli A. B. Meyer, 1882 – Tanimbar Is.
  • E. r. aruensis G. R. Gray, 1858 – Aru Is.
  • E. r. biaki (E. J. O. Hartert, 1932) – Biak I (N Geelvink Bay), NW New Guinea.
  • E. r. polychloros (Scopoli, 1786) – New Guinea and adjacent islands and archipelagos (Kai Is, W Papuan Is, Mios Num and Yapen, islands in extreme N Torres Strait, Trobriand Is, and D’Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagos).
  • E. r. solomonensis Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1901 – Admiralty Is (from Manus) through Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Is (S to Makira, but absent St Matthias Is, Nissan and Rennell).
  • E. r. macgillivrayi Mathews, 1913 – extreme N Queensland (E Cape York Peninsula), in extreme NE Australia.
  • Introduced (polychloros) to Banda Is, Gorong Is (off SE Seram) and Tayandu Is and, in Micronesia, Palau; perhaps also other races (nominate, possibly solomonensis) introduced to Palau.

    Descriptive notes

    35–42 cm; 355–615 g. Male green; upper mandible yellowish red, lower black; flanks and underwing-coverts red; leading edge of wing blue; primaries with deep blue... read more

    Voice

    Vocabulary quite extensive and varied. Calls include pure or nasal even-pitched whistles, short... read more

    Habitat

    Occupies canopy of all wooded habitats from coast to mid-montane areas, including mangroves, nypa... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits, seeds, nuts, leaf-buds, blossoms all taken, with Parinarium and Pandanus much targeted; in Solomons fig-like... read more

    Breeding

    Generally Aug–Sept, possibly Jan, and very likely at any time of year; Nov on Buru; Apr–Aug in Solomons. Nest in hole in high... read more

    Movements

    Local movements observed may only be daily feeding flights.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common, Halmahera. Moderately common but declining with elevation, Seram. Although still fairly common on Bacan, now rare... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54555 on 21 September 2018).