Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Ecuadorian Cacique (Cacicus sclateri)


French: Cassique d’Équateur German: Trauerkassike Spanish: Cacique ecuatoriano

Agelæus [sic] sclateri

A. J. C. Dubois

, 1887,



Has in the past sometimes been placed in genus Archiplanus. Sister to C. koepckeae#R and it has been suggested that they might be conspecific, but songs differ (though some calls similar). Monotypic.


W Amazonia from S Colombia (Serranía de la Macarena) S to E Ecuador and N Peru (N Amazonas, Loreto).

Descriptive notes

Male 23 cm, mean 57 g; female 19·5 cm, 49 g. A slender, long-tailed cacique. Plumage is entirely black, occasionally with a few yellow feathers in rump; iris pale blue; bill... read more


Song typically transcribed as “wa-hu-kléé-ó” and variants, somewhat resembling that of C.... read more


Lowland forests and forest edge near water; reported from oxbow lakes. Lowlands and foothills... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, including ants (Formicidae), caterpillars, and beetles (Coleoptera); also fruit and possibly nectar. Forages in canopy, sometimes... read more


Breeds in Jan in Colombia. Solitary nester, presumably monogamous. Possibly a co-operative breeder; three individuals reported as visiting... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Upper Amazon–Napo Lowlands EBA. Fairly common to locally not uncommon; sometimes rated as rare and local, but... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Ecuadorian Cacique (Cacicus sclateri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).