French: Colibri du Chimborazo German: Ecuador-Andenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí del Chimborazo
DeLattre and Bourcier
Mount Chimborazo, Ecuador
Subspecies and Distribution
O. c. jamesonii
Jardine, 1849 – Violet-hooded Hillstar – mountains of extreme S Colombia (Nariño) and N Ecuador (Cotacachi, Pichincha, Illiniza, Antisana and Cotopaxi, S to Azuay).
O. c. soderstromi
Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922 – C Ecuador (Mt Quilotoa, in C Cotopaxi).
O. c. chimborazo
(DeLattre & Bourcier, 1846) – Chimborazo Hillstar – C Ecuador (Mt Chimborazo).
13 cm; 7·8–8·1 g. Bill black, slightly curved. Male upperparts dark olive-green; entire head and upper throat covered by a glittering purplish-blue hood,... read more
Calls include a repeated short “tsit” and a strident “tseek”. Also a fast melodious twittering with... read more
Inhabits highest vegetated zones up to snow-line at elevations of 3500–5200 m. This high-... read more
Food and feeding
Territorial and notably aggressive. Often perches conspicuously on top of a shrub for long periods, but uses lower and more protected... read more
Mainly Oct–Feb (jamesonii), but nests found throughout the year. The nest consists of moss, roots, dry grass, feathers,... read more
Some altitudinal movements have been observed, possibly as an adaptation to the harsh highland... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Fairly common; typical habitat is not subject to a high level of degradation, and species also accepts man-made environments. Occurs in... read more
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