French: Engoulevent du désert German: Pharaonenziegenmelker Spanish: Chotacabras egipcio
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Subspecies and Distribution
C. a. saharae
Erlanger, 1899 – C & EC Morocco, N (and occasionally S) Algeria, C Tunisia, probably NW Libya, and possibly E towards N Egypt; winters in W Sahel.
C. a. aegyptius
M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823 – NE Egypt and N Arabian Peninsula, S Levant and Iraq E to Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, E Kazakhstan, W Tajikistan, extreme W Pakistan and SE Iran; winters in E Sahel.
24–26 cm; male 68–93 g, 1female 70 g. Sexually dimorphic, though not greatly so. Upperparts sandy-grey or greyish-buff, lightly spotted blackish-brown; indistinct... read more
Song of male is a long series of purring “kowrr” notes; sings from ground, mainly at dusk and dawn... read more
Typically deserts and semi-deserts, often close to water; also arid plains of sand or clay with... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes beetles, bugs, moths, crickets, grasshoppers, ants, termites and mosquitoes. Forages low over ground near wells and bushes,... read more
Breeds mid-Mar to Jun in Morocco (longer in wet years), mid-Apr to mid-Jun in Algeria and Tunisia, and from mid-May in Turkmenistan.... read more
Nominate race migratory in much of range, partially sedentary in Egypt. Leaves breeding grounds by... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread from Tarfaya to Taouz in Morocco; formerly common in Tunisia but now apparently scarce; locally scarce to common in... read more
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