Family Egyptian Plover (Pluvianidae)

Least Concern

Egyptian Plover (Pluvianus aegyptius)


French: Pluvian fluviatile German: Krokodilwächter Spanish: Pluvial

Charadrius ægyptius


, 1758,



Birds from N Angola and DRCongo, somewhat smaller than those elsewhere, are sometimes listed as race angolae, but variation is clinal and this form is poorly defined. Monotypic.


Sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to W Eritrea and W Ethiopia, S to N DRCongo and N Uganda and narrowly into lower basin of R Congo (DRCongo) and extreme N Angola. Formerly extended N along R Nile into Egypt, where now extinct.

Descriptive notes

19–22 cm; 73–92 g; wingspan 47–51 cm. Centre of back, crown, broad eyestripe and breastband black, edged with white; supercilium white; wing-coverts and... read more


Commonest vocalization is a loud “chersk”, often given in flight, and usually uttered... read more


Large lowland tropical rivers with sand and gravel bars; generally avoids heavily forested regions... read more

Food and feeding

Worms, molluscs, aquatic insects (both adults and larvae), small flies; said also to eat seeds and particles of scavenged fish. Food... read more


Mainly Jan to Apr or May N of equator when water levels low, although small chick in Ghana in late Nov; season not recorded in S parts of... read more


Local movements in response to changes of water levels are common (e.g. in Ghana), but longer... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Appears to be common over most of range, although it is considered uncommon in Angola, where restricted to two river systems, the... read more

Recommended citation

Maclean, G.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Egyptian Plover (Pluvianus aegyptius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 1 April 2020).