Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

Elegant Tit (Pardaliparus elegans)


Taxonomy

French: Mésange élégante German: Panthermeise Spanish: Carbonero elegante
Taxonomy:

Parus elegans

Lesson

, 1831,

Manila, Luzon, Philippines

.

Proposed race panayensis (Panay) may merit recognition; tentatively included in nominate, although bird taxa from Panay usually closest to Negros forms#R; further research required. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. e. edithae McGregor, 1907 – extreme N Philippine Is (Calayan, Camiguin Norte).
  • P. e. montigenus Hachisuka, 1930 – NW Luzon, in N Philippines.
  • P. e. gilliardi (Parkes, 1958) – Bataan Peninsula, in WC Luzon.
  • P. e. elegans (Lesson, 1831) – EC & S Luzon, Mindoro, Catanduanes and Panay.
  • P. e. albescens McGregor, 1907 – C Philippines (Ticao, Masbate, Guimaras, Negros).
  • P. e. visayanus Hachisuka, 1930 – Cebu, in SC Philippines.
  • P. e. mindanensis Mearns, 1905 – EC & S Philippines (Samar, Leyte, Mindanao).
  • P. e. suluensis Mearns, 1916 – Sulu Archipelago (except Bongao).
  • P. e. bongaoensis (Parkes, 1958) – Bongao I, in W Sulu Archipelago.
  • Descriptive notes

    11·5–12 cm; 12–15 g. Small to medium-sized tit with mostly black-and-yellow plumage. Male nominate race has forehead to crown (including crown side to eye... read more

    Voice

    Calls include short “sit” or “sit-sit”, thin “sisisi”, and light and occasionally prolonged... read more

    Habitat

    Dense primary evergreen forest, including pine (Pinus) forest and moss forest, also edges... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet not well known, but includes small invertebrates and larvae, seeds, some fruit. Usually in pairs or in small groups of up to eight... read more

    Breeding

    Poorly known. Adults in breeding condition in Jan–Jun, carrying nest material in Mar–Apr, and fledgling in Apr and juveniles in... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common or fairly common. Appears able to persist in suboptimal habitats.

    Recommended citation

    Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2019). Elegant Tit (Pardaliparus elegans). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59876 on 23 February 2019).