Engenho do Gama, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Closest to X. spixii (see below). Races insignis and juruanus regarded by most authors as races of X. spixii and by some as a full species; genetic evidence, however, supports treatment of juruanus at least as a race of X. elegans. Race buenavistae poorly differentiated from ornatus, insignis poorly differentiated from juruanus (the two intergrade in Ucayali Valley, Peru), and all sometimes united under juruanus#R, but remaining taxa inhabit large regions of Amazonia, show little or no clinal variation and intergrade along narrow zones of contact. Plumage variation further exhibits “leap-frog” pattern, with similar-appearing ornatus and nominate separated geographically by phenotypically different juruanus. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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