Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)


Elfin Woods Warbler (Setophaga angelae)


French: Paruline d’Angela German: Puerto-Rico-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Ángela

Dendroica angelae

Kepler and Parkes

, 1972,

Sierra de Luquillo (780 m), Puerto Rico


Sister to S. pharetra, and both these species are sister to S. plumbea#R. Monotypic.


Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

12·5–13·5 cm; 7·5–8·7 g. Has black head with complex but diagnostic white markings (white supraloral spot, variable narrow white... read more


Song a series of short, rapidly delivered unmusical notes on one pitch, increasing in volume and... read more


Mainly undisturbed, humid lower montane, montane and elfin forests having dense canopy with vines,... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects. Foraging at high levels, mainly high in canopy, by gleaning very actively from leaves, twigs and small branches. May join... read more


Season Mar–Jun, egg-laying Apr. Nest a tightly woven cup of black rootlets, tree-fern stems and dried leaves, lined with dried grass... read more



Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Listed as a species of conservation concern by US Fish & Wildlife Service.... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Elfin Woods Warbler (Setophaga angelae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).