Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Elliot's Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti)


French: Faisan d’Elliot German: Elliotfasan Spanish: Faisán de Elliot

Phasianus ellioti


, 1872,

mountains near Ningpo, Zhejiang, China


Has been placed in genus Calophasis. Recent observation of a male with a dark green head and neck suggests likely hybridization with Phasianus colchicus#R. Monotypic.


SE China from Jiangsu and Anhui S through Zhejiang, Fujian and Hunan to E & S Guizhou and Guangxi.

Descriptive notes

Male c. 80 cm (tail 39–47 cm), 1044–1317 g; female c. 50 cm (tail 17–19·5 cm), 726–1090 g. Whitish-grey (male) or fulvous-grey (female) hood... read more


Displaying male wing-whirrs (relatively quietly though audible at some distance) followed by... read more


Evergreen broadleaved forest (Lithocarpus, Cyclobalanopsis, etc.), mixed... read more

Food and feeding

Reported to feed on seed pods, seeds, berries and leaves of various species; a few ants constitute the only animal material known. Most... read more


In W Zhejiang, laying from mid Mar to late May. Display (e.g. wing-whirring) performed in early morning and early afternoon. Mating system... read more


Believed to be sedentary; genetic evidence suggests that males disperse further than females from... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Mace Lande: vulnerable. CITES I. Currently considered Near Threatened. Occurs in areas of SE China with dense human population, but recently found to... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Elliot's Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).