Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Near Threatened

Enggano Imperial-pigeon (Ducula oenothorax)


French: Carpophage d’Enggano German: Engganofruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula de la Enggano

Carpophaga oenothorax


, 1892,



In recent years considered conspecific with D. aenea, but differs in its purplish-pink vs grey breast (3), green vs chestnut vent (3), and brighter turquoise-and-blue reflectant upperparts (1). Forms a species-group with D. aenea, D. perspicillata, D. neglecta and D. concinna. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Enggano I (off SW Sumatra).

Descriptive notes

44 cm. Compared to formerly conspecific D. aenea polia (of adjacent mainland Sumatra and elsewhere in the Sundaic region), the present species lacks a vinous wash to... read more


Not described in the literature and very few recordings are available, from which it seems... read more


A forest species but its habitat specific requirements have not been studied.

Food and feeding

No specific information. Frugivorous.


Nothing known.


Resident and presumably largely sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. The global population is unlikely to exceed 10,000 mature individuals, occupying 400 km² at the most. Although... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Enggano Imperial-pigeon (Ducula oenothorax). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).